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LogoMISR abstract

Ranson, K.J., Sun, G., Kharuk, V.I. and Kovacs, K. (2003). Multi-sensor approach for assessing the taiga-tundra boundary. IGARSS 2003. Proceedings. IEEE 2001 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Cat. No. 03CH37477). 2, 969-71.

Monitoring the dynamics of the tundra-taiga boundary is critical for our understanding of the causes and consequences of the changes in this area. Because of its inaccessibility, remote sensing data will play an important role. In this study we examined the use of several remote sensing techniques for identifying the existing tundra- taiga ecotone. These include Landsat, MISR and RADARSAT data. Highresolution IKONOS images were used for local ground truth. It was found that on Landsat ETM+ summer images, reflectance from tundra and taiga at band 4 (NIR) is similar, but different at other bands such as red, and MIR bands. When the incidence angle is small, C-band HH-pol backscattering coefficients from both tundra and taiga are relatively high. The backscattering from tundra targets decreases faster than taiga targets when the incidence angle increases, because the tundra targets look smoother than taiga. Because of the shading effect of the vegetation, the MISR data, both multi-spectral data at nadir looking and multi-angle data at red and NIR bands, clearly show the transition zone.

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Updated: 06-Dec-2004